The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and, increasingly, in other countries. It was put together by the Council of Europe as the main part of the project "Language Learning for European Citizenship" between 1989 and 1996. Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe.
The Common European Framework divides learners into three broad divisions that can be divided into six levels; for each level, it describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing. These levels are:
|Level Group Name||Basic User||Intermediate User||Proficient User|
|Level||A1 (A1.1 + A1.2)||A2 (A2.1 + A2.2)||B1 (B1.1 + B1.2)||B2 (B2.1 + B2.2)||C1 (C1.1 + C1.2)||C2 (C2.1 + C2.2)|
|Level Name||Breakthrough or Beginner||Way stage or Elementary||Threshold or intermediate||Vantage or upper intermediate||Effective operational proficiency or Advanced||Mastery or Native Level|
|LangÉcole Level Name||Basic||Intermediate||Advance||Expert - I||Expert - II||Expert - III|